Many people aspire to serve the society from the political field or they desire to be the politicians. To fulfill their goal, they nominate their candidacy for election. Through election process, representatives to run governments are chosen. It is also to test the political power and abilities of the candidates. Therefore, how to win election becomes a matter of main focus for the politicians. They become ready to apply any kinds of policies according to the level and contexts of the countries. The victors in election get to hold a post with power while the vanquished ones also feel as if they have achieved a sort of political identity in their constituencies. As they can gain such exclusive benefits that they can exhibit through the election, candidates strive hard to achieve the success by hatching different types of high and low levels of cunning strategies to win the election.
High levels of strategies lie on the discourse the politicians raise on the issues of nation and nationalism and make those issues a sort of political propaganda in context of the country like Nepal. They devise vague ideologies to gain votes; it is a ridiculous and ironical matter to separate the people of the same country as nationalists and anti-nationalists in relation with their race, religion and region, but it is reiterated time and again from the top level of politicians, alleged bureaucrats, so-called educated and intellectual supporters, faithful carders, and this sense of demarcation is injected into the mind of common people and even of opponents to such an extent that they feel as if the false analysis is indeed a genuine matter. It can be illustrated with an instance that if the authentic father himself tells his sons and daughters that they are in fact the children he has adopted in their infancy period, they slowly and gradually accept it, and say that they are the adopted ones. They can become blind supporters to their father’s words. Father secretly laughs at the conspiracies he has been hatching. Furthermore, to meet this goal, the threats of deprivation in job opportunities, denial in political appointment and even a sort of terrorization in one’s existence that the politicians give to people become hidden but common matters in time of election. Finally, the strategy touches the success; propaganda proves to be true mathematically.
Similarly, several issues are devised in order to gain the public support and sentiments. For this, people are made to be divided into two sides cunningly by discussing on the ongoing internal political conflicts such as; discourses on the models of federalism (if the country is in process of establishing federal system), system of governance, religions, proportional system and inclusiveness and nominating the candidates of their opponents’ race to fight against and but for their favor in essence. These matters also deserve to be a high level of technique for winning election. It is because of the fact that it allies the people through racial sentiments, germinates a seed of separation which finally leads them to be unanimous in the issues of false ideology. Although some may feel such types of issues are just the matters for staying in the vault of status quo, large number of people especially of the countries where there is low human development index solely accept it. Similarly, big problems are shown to overshadow the internal conflicts. It can be apt to illustrate an example of Abraham Lincoln of America who, about two hundred years back said his supporters that one could be patriotic even though he or she was against the war his or her own country was waging for power with another country in the situation when America herself had not provided the equal rights to the people in her own soil. But the America focused on her own vision of being The Great America without paying much attention to internal problems which ultimately compelled Dr Martin Luther King to rise against the government after a century.
The use of money becomes an instrumental tool in election which is in fact a low level of strategy. It is a conventional method to win the election, but it still remains prevalent everywhere. It is the way the politicians take a lot of advantages of the uneducated, illiterate and innocent citizens. For this case, the local clever leader is given the money as per the voters he has behind. He/she distributes money to individuals secretly, feeds them and also shows some hypothetical gains that they enjoy after the victory. Here, I want to present two live activities that I encountered with recently. It was in the evening time near a hotel where I stopped due to the hustle and bustle scenario. The lads were demanding the items submitting a piece of paper to the hotel owner by each. I oversaw some lads in a big panic. They were lamenting that one distillery or meat item was missed to write in their paper. This picture made me laugh inwardly. Similarly, in the time of casting vote, I happened to see someone inserting a note of five hundred rupees into the pocket of an old woman. Later on, I asked the woman why she was given the money. She declined to comment on it. In this way, money serves to be a mighty weapon. Along with such strategies, the cunning policy centers on counting votes, too. Since the politics is exclusive in bureaucracy, the officials are easily persuaded or bribed, and they intellectually bewilder the candidates. Ultimately, their mission succeeds despite their disgusting tactic.
In conclusion, victory in election depends on the cunning strategies of the politicians or the political parties. Such shrewd election winning schemes may vary; some are hollow standard techniques while the rest are horrible ones. Twisting issues in order to collect the sentiment of the voters and exchange the votes with the notes and the false hopes are the shared phenomena in election. The party that exercises this policy more effectively elevates itself to a high altitude. On the other hand, philosophy and slogan of political parties are just for the sake of the conquest in election.
By Subash Teyung